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1.More than 100 human papillomavirus (HPV) types have been identified to date. Clinically, HPV types are classified as high risk (HR) or low risk based upon their oncogenic potential. Which twoHRHPV types together account for approximately 70 percent of cervical cancers worldwide?CorrectIncorrect
- The natural history of cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN) lesions is better known than in the past. Respectively, what percentages of CIN 1 lesions are expected to spontaneously regress and progress to invasive malignancy without treatment?
- A 40-year-old woman has been in a mutually monogamous relationship for 25 years. She is upset that her recent Pap test result is low-grade squamous intraepithelial neoplasia (LSIL), consistent with human papillomavirus (HPV) changes. HPV infection is reliably diagnosed by which of the following clinical tests?
- A 42-year-old multipara has negative screening Papbtest and positive human papillomavirus (HPV)DNAbtest results. These were repeated 1 year later with thebsame results. She is a long-time cigarette smoker and has had six lifetime sexual partners. She has not had a new sexual partner for 7 years. What is her strongest risk factor for cervical cancer?
5.Clinical studies have conclusively shown which of the following to be increased by liquid-based Pap tests compared with conventional (glass slide) Pap testing?CorrectIncorrect
6.The most common cause of death from gynaecological malignancy in the developed world:CorrectIncorrect
7.The fi rst malignancy that was recognised to be linked to obesity is:CorrectIncorrect
8.The most prevalent cancer affecting pregnancy and puerperium is:CorrectIncorrect
- Ms. XY is 35 years old and had a LLETZ recently. The histology results confi rm the presence of CIN 2, which has been completely excised. How should she be followed up under the NHS cervical screening programme if her subsequent tests are normal?
- Ms. XY is 8 weeks’ pregnant. Her last smear result suggested mild dyskaryosis. She is due for a repeat smear. Which of the following treatment options are best suited to her?